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Organic 美國國家生機標準局對”生機”的定義 — 完整版

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National Organic Standard Board (NOSB) Definition of Organic

The following definition of "organic" was passed by the NOSB at its April 1995 meeting in Orlando, FL.

"Organic agriculture is
an ecological production management system that promotes and enhances
biodiversity, biological cycles and soil biological activity. It is
based on minimal use of off-farm inputs and on management practices
that restore, maintain and enhance ecological harmony.

"‘Organic’ is a
labeling term that denotes products produced under the authority of the
Organic Foods Production Act. The principal guidelines for organic
production are to use materials and practices that enhance the
ecological balance of natural systems and that integrate the parts of
the farming system into an ecological whole.

"Organic agriculture
practices cannot ensure that products are completely free of residues;
however, methods are used to minimize pollution from air, soil and
water.

"Organic food handlers,
processors and retailers adhere to standards that maintain the
integrity of organic agricultural products. The primary goal of organic
agriculture is to optimize the health and productivity of
interdependent communities of soil life, plants, animals and people."

以下對生機的定義是由(美國)國家生機標準局(NOSB)於1995年4月在佛羅里達州奧蘭多會議上通過

"生機農業是一種促進與增強生物多元化, 生物循環和土壤生物活動的生態產品管理系統. 它基於最少量地使用農場以外的輸入物以及恢復, 維持, 和增強生態和諧的管理實踐.

‘生機’是一個指示某產品係根據《生機食用產品法案》而生產的標籤詞. 生機產品的總方針就是使用能夠增強自然系統之生態平衡的物資與方法, 並將農場系統部分整合到一種生態完整之中.

生機農業的實行並不能保證其產品完全沒有(化學)殘餘物; 但是, 它採取方法減少來自空氣, 土壤和水的污染.

生機食品的處理, 加工和零售者遵守維護生機農業整體的標準. 生機農業的首要目的就是最大化地增進土壤生命, 植物, 動物和人群之間相互依存的健康與生產力."

Some updates are also blogged on my TTT (Thoughts under the Tulip Tree) Blog
Selected Web online resources for research on Organic

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Written by sherabchen

March 26, 2007 at 9:23 am

Posted in projects

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